Posts Tagged ‘Kissimmee’
Get A Transvaginal Mesh Lawyer NowAre you a woman of child bearing age that has been implanted with a vaginal mesh due to child birth complications? Do you have symptoms such as mesh erosion, bleeding, lower back pain, Increased incontinence, very painful sexual intercourse, infections, digestive disorders and other pelvic problems that you cannot get a logical explanation for? Lawyers are filing vaginal mesh lawsuits for women with these exact symptoms and they are from the transvaginal mesh. You should speak to one of our mesh lawyers immediately for a Florida mesh lawsuit against the manufacturers.
Who Are The Mesh Manufacturers?C.R. Bard’s Lawsuits Are For:
- Bard Pelvitex
- Bard Pelvisoft
- Bard Pelvilace or Pelvicol
- Bard Utrtex
- Bard Uretex TO
- Bard Uretex TOO2
- Bard Uretex TOO3
- Bard Align
- Avaulta Plus™
- Avaulta Solo™
- BioSynthetic Support System
- Faslata® Allograft
- Synthetic Support System
- Novasilk Synthetic Flat Mesh
- Restorelle Smartmesh
- Exair Mesh
- Gynecare Prosima
- Gynecare TVT Exact
- Gynecare TVT Abbrevo
- Gynecare TVT Retropubic System
- Gynecare TVT
- Gynecare TVT Obturator
- Gynecare TVT Secur
- Gynecare Gynemesh PS
- Gynecare Prolift
- Gynecare Prolift+M
- Cook Medical Surgical
- Surgisis Biodesign Tension-Free Urethral Sling,
- Surgisis Biodesign
- Anterior Pelvic Floor Graft,
- Surgisis Biodesign Posterior Pelvic Floor Graft,
- Cook Urological Stratasis
- AMS MiniArc Precise Single-Incision Sling
- AMS MiniArc Single Incision Sling
- AMS Monarc Subfascial Hammock
- AMS In-Fast Ultra Transvaginal Sling
- AMS BioArc
- AMS Sparc Self-Fixating Sling System
- AMS Elevate
- AMS Perigree
- AMS Apogee
- Boston Scientific Arise
- Boston Scientific Pinnacle
- Boston Scientific Advantage Fit
- Boston Scientific Lynx
- Boston Scientific Obtryx
- Boston Scientific Prefyx PPS
- Boston Scientific Solyx
File Your Mesh LawsuitFile a Transvaginal Mesh Lawsuit, Bladder sling lawsuit, Pelvic mesh lawsuit, Vaginal mesh lawsuit, Mesh implants lawsuit,Surgical mesh lawsuit, Vaginal Mesh sling lawsuit, Vaginal Mesh implant lawsuit, Bladder mesh lawsuit, TVT sling lawsuit, in one of the Vaginal Mesh Multi District Lawsuits Consolidated Under Judge Goodwin in West Virginia
Multi District Mesh LawsuitsMDL – 2325, IN RE: American Medical Systems, Inc., Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation MDL No. 2187 | In RE: CR Bard, Inc., Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation MDL – 2326 IN RE: Boston Scientific Corp. Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation MDL – 2327 IN RE: Ethicon, Inc., Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation MDL – 2387 IN RE: Coloplast Corp. Pelvic Support Systems Products Liability Litigation Cook Medical Surgical will be the 5th MDL We are now accepting vaginal mesh lawsuits for Florida women
The Florida Yaz HotlineThe Florida Yaz Helpline is seeking all women with blood clot injuries from Yaz and encourages women who may have suffered Yaz blood clots or other serious side effects to consider filing a Yaz lawsuit.
Yaz Complications Alert
- Heart attack
- Deep vein thrombosis
- blood clots in the legs
- Pulmonary embolism
- blockages in the lungs
Have You Or a Loved One been Injured By Yaz?Yaz, Yasmin, Beyaz and Ocella side effects complication include:
- Blood clots
- Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Heart attack
- Gall Bladder problems
- Gall Bladder Removal
Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline Is reaching out to women who have been severely injured by Yaz. Yaz causes Blood Clots in young women a very vulnerable age. Yaz lawyers are filing more Yaz lawsuits for yaz injury. Bayer has begun settlements for Yaz Bloodclots. Now is the time for women injured by Yaz to step forward and claim what is due them.
Yaz Blood Clot Lawyers Fighting are fighring along side the Yaz Helpline to bring justice to women whose lives have been destroyed by these Yaz and yasmin birth control pills.
Millions of women need take birth control pills to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Two of these Yaz and Yasmin cause blood clots and related medical problens such as stroke, pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis.
Reports of serious Yaz side effects and Yasmin side effects are out there on blogs and chat rooms, and the problems associated with these medications are not only dangerous, but in some cases fatal.
Yaz and Yasmin are both manufactured by Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals, one of the largest drug companies in the world. As is the Mirena IUD currently in the news as well. Yasmin was originally approved for use in the United States by the FDA in 2001, and Yaz followed its predecessor in 2006 with a slightly different formula.
Yaz and Yasmin Side Effects
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) – DVT is an otherwise rare condition where a blood clot forms deep inside the tissue of the body, usually in the leg. Eventually, this clot will break off and travel through the body before settling in the lungs or brain causing a potential stroke.
Pulmonary Embolisms – Pulmonary embolisms are extremely dangerous blood clots that appear in the lungs. Some of these blood clots form directly in or near the lungs and others are move there after forming somewhere else in the body.
The Yaz helpline wants to hear from all women injured by Yaz or their family, mothers or Husbands. We must seek justice.
Yaz Bith Control Pills Helpline announces, the Yaz Bith Control Pills lawsuits are being filed by yaz lawyers. Settlements have already started.
Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline is reaching out to women who have blood clots, stroke or Pulmonary Embolism from yaz or Yasmin Birth Control Pills. Bayer has started settlements. We do not want you to be left out.
Yaz causes blood clots, Pulmonary Embolism, Strokes and deep vein thrombosis. Blood clots that end up in the lungs or brain can be fatal.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued many warnings regarding the progestin in Yaz called drospirenone. Drospirenone causes adverse side effects including blood clots, deep vein thrombosis or a pulmonary embolism. Yaz lawsuits by yaz lawyers focus on blood clots
Other lawsuits are for strokes, heart attacks. If you have experienced these issues, Many women are not aware of the right to sue for these life altering and sometimes deadly complications
Bayer did not properly warn about the adverse effects they had knowledge of. Yaz Lawsuits claim that Bayer was aware of the issues with Yaz and Yasmin, but continued to promote their drug without a proper warning on the label.
The evidence is already strong enough to support most Yaz Lawsuit claims. You must call the Yaz Birth Control Pills helpline today. If a daughter or wife or friend has blood clots from Yaz tell her about the Yaz lawsuits or contact us on her behalf.
Lawyers in Ft Lauderdale, Boca Raton, Miami, West Palm beach, Orlando, Tampa, are accepting Yaz related Blood clot and Pulmonary Embolism cases for the immediate filing of Yaz lawsuits
NuvaRing, Yaz, Yasmin Risk of Stroke and Heart Attack are causing lawsuits for be filed. If you have a Yaz blood clot, stroke or Pulmonary Embolism injury fro Yaz or yasmin call now.
New England Journal of Medicine June 2012 Study
The New England Journal of Medicine published a study on June 14, which suggests that these forms of birth control that contain a combination of estrogen and progestin can double a woman’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
The Danish study, analyzed more than 1.6 million women aged 15 to 49. These women were taking low-dose estrogen birth control pills combined with progestins. They suffered heart attacks and strokes between 1.5 and 2 times more often than women not using hormonal contraception. The risks were as much 2.5 to 3 times higher among users of combined hormonal device, including vaginal rings, compared to non-users. The highest risks were seen in women over 45, or those who had high blood pressure.
Yaz, Yasmin have very serious Side Effects
Yaz and Yasmin users may suffer a serious side effect associated with the use of these drugs, including Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots), Deep Vein Thrombosis (blood clots in the leg), Pulmonary embolism (blood clots in the lung), Heart Attacks and Strokes. There are very serious side effects and possibly death for Yaz or yasmin birth control pills.
FDA October 2011 Study
In October 2011, a U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) study the involving data on 800,000 American women using some form birth control between 2001 and 2008 revealed using NuvaRing increased the risk of blood clots, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, by 56% in comparison to older birth control pills.The Problem with Yaz and Yasmin
Why Does yaz Cause Blood Clots ?
Yaz and Yasmin both contain ethinyl estradiol, along with a synthetic progestin called drospirenone. Yaz and Yasmin are manufactured by the German pharmaceutical giant, Bayer.
The FDA’s study of hormonal contraceptives that was released last October suggested an approximately 1.5-fold increase in the risk of blood clots for women who use drospirenone-containing pills compared to users of other hormonal contraceptives.
In a Drug Safety Communication issued on April 10, 2012, the FDA said it was requiring that the labels for drospirenone birth control be updated to warn that these contraceptives may be linked to a higher risk of blood clots.
There are currently over Ten Thousand Yaz and Yasmin Lawsuits
More than 10,000 personal injury lawsuits that allege Yaz and Yasmin caused heart attacks, strokes, blood clots and other serious injuries are currently pending in the Yasmin and Yaz (Drospirenone) Marketing, Sales Practices and Products Liability Litigation (MDL No. 2100) in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Illinois.
if you have been injured call the Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline today
blood clots, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, merck, stroke, wrongful death, Yaz, Yasmin
Yaz Birth control Pills Helpline and Yaz lawyers Helping women woth yaz related Injury in: Melbourne, Daytona, Deland,Orlando, Leesburg, Kissimmee, Ocala, Winter park,Altamonte Springs, Winterhaven and all of central Florida. Yaz can cause serer injury and death due to Blood Clots. yaz realted injury includes: stroke, heart attacks, Pulmonary embolism, Deep vein thrombosis and death,
If you are on Yaz and are having side effects you must seek emergency medical attention immediately.
Central Florida Hosptals include:
1. Florida Hospital: Located in Orlando, FL with 1,080 acute care beds and 46,876 acute care admissions. Services offered: Cardiology, neuroscience, transplants, cancer, pediatrics, orthopedics, digestive health, diabetes, women and obstetrics.
2. Orlando Regional Medical Center: Located in Orlando, FL with 808 acute care beds and 35,524 acute care admissions. Services offered: Level 1 trauma center, teaching hospital, burn center, heart and vascular, cancer, orthopedics, neurosciences, robotic surgery.
3. Florida Hospital Altamonte: Located in Altamonte Springs, with 341 acute care beds and 19,511 acute care admissions. Services offered: Orthopedics, bariatrics, general surgery, obstetrics, cancer, cardiac, radiology/imaging, emergency department, digestive.
4. Leesburg Regional Medical Center: Located in Leesburg, FL with 309 acute care beds, 18,472 acute care admissions. Services offered: Cardiovascular, neurosurgery, general surgery, orthopedics, oncology, gastroenterology, vascular, pulmonary, obstetrics, pediatrics.
5. WInter Park Memorial Memorial Hospital: Located in Winter Park, FL with 297 acute care beds and 15,889 acute care admissions. Services offered: Obstetrics, women's health, orthopedics, ear, nose and throat, oncology, minimally invasive surgery, emergency room services.
Yaz related lawsuits are underway and Bayer has begun settlements. Contact the Yaz Helpline for a yaz lawyer today.
Yaz birth control pills have harmed many women by causing blood clots, Pulmonary Embolism, Stroke and heart Attacks. Yaz Birth Control pill helpline is happy to announce that Bayer Said to Pay $110 Million in Yaz Birth-Control Cases
By Jef Feeley and Margaret Cronin Fisk – Apr 13, 2012 5:48 PM ET
Bayer Germany’s largest drugmaker, will pay at least $110 million to settle about 500 lawsuits over claims that its Yasmin line of birth-control pills caused blood clots, in the first resolution of cases over the product, people familiar with the agreements said.
Officials of Bayer, based in Leverkusen, Germany, agreed to pay an average of about $220,000 a case to resolve the claims that its Yasmin and Yaz contraceptives caused sometimes fatal clots that can lead to heart attacks and strokes, two people familiar with the settlement said. The people sought anonymity because the accords haven’t been made public.
Bayer fell 2.5 percent in German trading today, and its American depositary receipts dropped 3.8 percent. The settlements came after a federal judge in Illinois postponed a Jan. 9 trial of a suit accusing Bayer and some of its units of misleading women about the health risks of its birth-control pills so a mediator could try to negotiate a settlement.
The case was the first set for trial of more than 11,000 lawsuits over injuries allegedly caused by the drugs.
“Sounds to me like mediation is paying off,” Carl Tobias, who teaches product-liability law at the University of Richmond in Virginia, said in a phone interview. “As a German company, Bayer probably would like to avoid the risks and costs of litigation in U.S. courts. Mediation tends to be a less- expensive way to deal with these kinds of cases.”
The settlements come as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration April 10 ordered Bayer and other contraceptive makers to strengthen the blood-clot warnings on their products.
Pills like Bayer’s Yasmin, which contain a synthetic hormone called drospirenone, will have warning labels saying researchers have found they may triple the risk for clots.
Bayer’s contraceptives generated $1.58 billion in sales in 2010, making them the drugmaker’s biggest-selling drugs after Betaseron, a multiple sclerosis medication. The Yasmin drugs have been the focus of regulators who question their safety.
“Bayer HealthCare confirms that some cases pending in the current YAZ/Yasmin litigation in the U.S. are being settled,” Rosemarie Yancosek, a U.S. spokeswoman for the drugmaker, said in an e-mailed statement. She declined to comment on the number of cases settled or the amount of the accords.
Bayer’s American depository receipts, each worth one ordinary share, fell $2.60, or 3.8 percent, to $65.83 in over- the counter trading today. Shares in Germany dropped 1.28 euros, or 2.5 percent, to 50.56 euros.
Bayer officials said in a Feb. 28 U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filing that the drugmaker has settled 70 cases over the Yasmin line of contraceptives.
Those settlements included “terms and conditions which Bayer views to be reasonable,” officials said in the filing. “Bayer will continue to consider the option of settling individual lawsuits in the U.S. on a case-by-case basis.”
The company is expecting additional suits, officials said in the SEC filing. Last year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned that women taking the pills were 74 percent more likely to suffer blood clots than women on other low-estrogen contraceptives.
The FDA examined data on more than 835,000 women who took pills containing drospirenone, including Bayer’s Yasmin line of birth-control pills, according to the FDA report.
Bayer’s Yasmin was the No. 4 oral contraceptive in the U.S. in 2011, with 4.6 percent of the market as of September, according to data from IMS Health.
Wave of Litigation
Since 2009, the German drugmaker has faced a wave of lawsuits in courts across the U.S. alleging the birth-control pills caused sometimes fatal blood clots. Lawyers suing the drugmaker cited FDA reports of at least 50 deaths tied to the pills from 2004 to 2008.
Lawyers for former Yaz users contend in court filings that Bayer officials sought to market the contraceptive fgor unapproved uses and misled women about the drug’s health risks
The cases filed in federal courts were consolidated before U.S. District Judge David Herndon in East St. Louis, Illinois, for pretrial proceedings.
Herndon scheduled a series of trials for early this year so juries could begin weighing claims that Bayer and its units marketed Yaz and other contraceptives as safer than rivals’ products while knowing they posed a higher clot risk.
At Bayer’s suggestion, Herndon called in Stephen Saltzburg, a George Washington University law professor, to serve as a mediator. Saltzburg’s job was to explore the possibility of “settlements in this litigation,” Herndon said in a December 2011 order. The judge put the trial schedule on hold while Saltzburg met with lawyers for the drugmakers and former Yaz users.
Among the lawyers settling Yaz cases as a result of Saltzburg’s efforts are mark Robinson, Chris Seeger and Michael Berg the people familiar with the accords said.
Those three lawyers are serving on the so-called plaintiffs steering committee in the cases before Herndon, according to court filings That group helps decide how the consolidated cases should progress through the litigation process.
Burg, a Denver-based plaintiffs’ lawyer who handles product-liability cases, also is listed in court filings as co- lead plaintiffs’ counsel in the Yaz cases. He declined to comment on the settlements in a interview today.
Seeger, based in New York, and Robinson, a Los Angeles- based attorney, didn’t immediately return calls seeking comment on the settlement.
The case is In re Yasmin and Yaz (Drospirenone) Marketing, Sales Practices and Product Liability Litigation, 09-md-02100, U.S. District Court, Southern District of Illinois (East St. Louis).
Margaret Cronin Fisk
editor responsible for this story: Michael Hytha
If you have been severly injured by Yaz or Yasmin or a loved one died contact us immediately to see if you are eligible to be a part of this lawsuit .
Call the yaz Birth control Pills Helpline today and speak to a female medical social worker. Yaz Birth control Pills lawyers are accepting Yaz cases for blood clot complications as well as stroke and pulmonary embolism.
If you or a loved one has been injured by yaz contact our Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline for a Yaz case review. Some interesting new news on Yaz and Blood Clots problems follows:
Yaz pulmonary embolism among side effects
The oral contraceptive Yaz and the related drug Yasmin have been associated with a number of significant adverse side effects. Researchers believe that the drugs’ active ingredient, drospirenone, is to blame.
Drospirenone is a synthetic hormone that affects the body’s chemistry. One of its unintended consequences is to increase potassium levels, sometimes high enough to cause a dangerous condition known as “hyperkalemia.” Increased potassium levels are associated with the development of Yaz blood clots and gallbladder disease.
Yaz blood clots can have life-threatening consequences throughout an individual’s body. They can cause stroke, heart attack, and Yaz pulmonary embolism. Thousands of women who have been injured by Yaz pulmonary embolism and other significant side effects have hired a Yaz lawyer and filed claims against Bayer.
A Litttle Bit of yaz History
YAZ / Yasmin January 2012 Update: Minutes And Transcripts For FDA Advisory Committees 2011 Meeting Now Available Online (And More)
11 Of The 26 FDA Panel Members Voted There Were No Sufficient Unique Benefits For YAZ / Yasmin That Cannot Be Found In Other Hormonal Contraceptives
(Posted by tom Lamb at Drug Watch
On December 8, 2011 the Reproductive Health Drugs Advisory Committee and the Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee held a joint meeting to discuss YAZ and Yasmin as well as several other relatively new birth control pills.
summary of FDA meeting
Issues: The committees discussed the benefits and risks of drospirenone-containing oral contraceptives in light of the emerging safety concern that the risk of venous thromboembolism (blood clots that can break loose and move within the circulatory system) associated with use of these products may be higher compared to oral contraceptives that contain the progestin, levonorgestrel. Drospirenone-containing oral contraceptives for the primary indication of pregnancy prevention include: YASMIN, YAZ (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol tablets), BEYAZ, SAFYRAL (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate calcium tablets and levomefolate calcium tablets), Bayer HealthCare, and the generic equivalents for these products.
Bayer has settled Yaz Injury Claims. Our Yaz lawyers are still accepting Yaz Injury claims for Blood clots. New Warning added to yaz labels. Yaz lawyers are filing yaz lawsuits for victim of yaz.
Subject: Yaz – State SOLs If you have an injury or a loved one has died ffrom Yaz and you are in the states listed below contact us for a yaz injury lawyer today.
Black box date was 8/14/2009 This is an Important date for your Yaz Injury Claim
Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline Yaz lawyers are accepting clients with blood clots from yaz in the following states where the statute of limitation is :
3 year – SOL: 8/13/2012 for a Yaz Injury Claim. Yaz Lawyers are Accepting Cases for Yaz Blood Clot, Stroke and Pulmonary embolism, deep Vein thrombosis and wrongful death from yaz.
Arkansas yaz lawyers,
District of Columbia Yaz Lawyers,
Maryland Yaz Lawyers,
Massachusetts Yaz Lawyers,
Michigan Yaz Lawyers,
Mississippi Yasz Lawyers,
Montana Yaz Lawyers,
New Hampshire Yaz lawyers,
New Mexico yaz Lawyers,
New York yaz lawyers,
North Carolina yaz lawyers,
Rhode Island yaz lawyers,
South Carolina yaz lawyers,
South Dakota Yaz Lawyers,
Vermont yaz lawyers,
Washington yaz lawyers,
Wisconsin yaz lawyers,
are accepting cases for victims of blood clots from Yaz
4 year – SOL: 8/13/2013, Yaz lawyers are accepting cases for Yaz Blood Clots, Stroke, Pulmonary Embolism, deep vein Thrombosis and wrongful death from Yaz
Florida yaz Lawyers,
Nebraska yaz Lawyers,
Utah Yaz lawyers,
Wyoming yaz lawyers
5 year – SOL: 8/13/2014 Yaz lawyers are accepting clients with Pulmonary embolism, Stroke, Blood Clots, deep vein thrombosis and Wrongful death from Yaz
Missouri yaz Lawyers
6 year – SOL: 8/13/2015, yaz lawyers are accepting clients with complications from Yaz including: Blood clots, Stroke, heart Attack, Pulmonary embolism, deep vain thrombosis, and wrongful death from yaz birth control pills
Maine yaz Lawyers,
North Dakota yaz lawyers,
Yaz & Pulmonary Embolism, Deep Vein thrombosis, Blood Clots, Stroke
Pulmonary embolism is one of the serious side effects reported by women who have taken the birth control pills Yaz and Yasmin. A pulmonary embolism or "PE" occurs when there is a blockage of the main arteries of the lungs. In most cases, a PE is caused by blood clots that travel to the lungs from another part of the body – most commonly, the legs – and creates a blockage in the pulmonary artery. Recent medical studies have found that the hormone used in Yaz and Yasmin, known as drospirenone or drsp, is associated with a significantly higher risk of venous thrombosis, a medical term for blood clots in the veins.
Effects of Yaz Pulmonary Embolism and deep vein Thrombosis
When a pulmonary embolism occurs, the lung tissue served by each blocked artery is robbed of fuel and can die, which makes it difficult for the lungs to provide oxygen to the rest of the body. A pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
Additional complications can also occur. In some cases a pulmonary embolism can lead to pulmonary hypertension, a condition in which the blood pressure in the lungs is too high. Obstructions, such as blood clots, in the arteries inside the lungs make the heart work harder to push blood through those vessels. When this occurs, it increases the blood pressure within those vessels and can wear out a section of the heart.
Additionally, if a blood clot travels to the brain, a stroke can occur. Blood clots from Yaz can be fatal. Contact a Yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline lawyer today.
Pulmonary Embolism from Yaz?, Blood Clot from Yaz?, Yaz lawyers filing lawsuits for injury and death from Yaz. Yaz Lawsuit lawyers are accepting cases to get you in before the statute of limitations runs out.
Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Whenever a young and healthy athlete gets sick, it always gets the attention of the press. The news is even more dramatic when the condition can be life-threatening, as in the case of Serena Williams, who reportedly developed a pulmonary embolism in late February 2011. While it is possible to recover fully from a pulmonary embolism, it is indeed a serious condition and requires serious medications. In addition, Ms. Williams also reportedly required treatment for a hematoma, a collection of clotted blood that forms outside of a blood vessel.
A pulmonary embolism (PE) happens when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in the one of the body's large veins (known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT), breaks off, and travels (embolizes) in the circulatory system back to the heart and out into the arteries that carry blood to the lungs to load up oxygen. There the clot in the lungs (embolus) then clogs the artery that provides blood supply to part of the lung, preventing the normal exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. It also reduces the blood supply to the lung tissue itself. Lung tissue can die (infarct) if circulation is impaired.
Essentially anything that increases the potential for blood clots to form in the veins can increase your chances of developing a pulmonary embolus. While some medications and chronic medical problems can increase the tendency of blood to clot, even those who are healthy and fit can be at risk for pulmonary embolism due to prolonged immobilization (as with extended car or plane travel or hospitalization and bed rest) or circumstances that damage the blood vessel walls, making a clot more likely to form. Surgery and trauma to the leg are examples of conditions that can make a vein more likely to clot. Sudden chest pain and shortness of breath are the main symptoms of pulmonary embolism, but coughing may also occur. The pain is usually worse when taking a breath (known as pleurisy). The affected individual may have signs such as a blue-tinged discoloration of the skin and feel lightheaded or weak. In severe cases, the heart stops beating and sudden death results. Fortunately, treatment for pulmonary embolism is available, and most patients survive when appropriately diagnosed and treated with anti-clotting drugs. A higher incidence of death from pulmonary embolism occurs in patients who are older, have other underlying illnesses, or have a delay in diagnosis.
What is a pulmonary embolism?
The lungs are a pair of organs in the chest that are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and blood. The lung is composed of clusters of small air sacs (alveoli) divided by thin, elastic walls (membranes). Capillaries, the tiniest of blood vessels, run within these membranes between the alveoli and allow blood and air to come near each other. The distance between the air in the lungs and the blood in the capillaries is very small, and allows molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide to transfer across the membranes.
The exchange of the air between the lungs and blood are through the arterial and venous system. Arteries and veins both carry and move blood throughout the body, but the process for each is very different.
Arteries carry blood from the heart to the body.
Veins return blood from the body to the heart.
The heart is a two-sided pump.
Oxygen-carrying blood travels from the left side of the heart to all the tissues of the body. The oxygen is extracted by the tissue, and carbon dioxide (a waste product) is delivered back into the blood.
The blood, now deoxygenated and with higher levels of carbon dioxide, is returned via the veins to the right side of the heart.
The blood is then pumped out of the right side of the heart to the lungs, where the carbon dioxide is removed and oxygen is returned to the blood from the air we breathe in, which fills the lungs.
Now the blood, high in oxygen and low in carbon dioxide, is returned to the left side of the heart where the process starts all over again.
The blood travels in a circle and is therefore referred to as circulation.
If a blood clot (thrombus) forms in the one of the body's veins (deep vein thrombosis or DVT), it has the potential to break off and enter the circulatory system and travel (or embolize) through the heart and become lodged in the one of the branches of the pulmonary artery of the lung. A clot that travels through the circulatory system to another location is known as an embolus (plural emboli).
A pulmonary embolus clogs the artery that provides blood supply to part of the lung. The embolus not only prevents the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, but it also decreases blood supply to the lung tissue itself, potentially causing lung tissue to die (infarct).
A pulmonary embolus is one of the life-threatening causes of chest pain and should always be considered when a patient presents to a healthcare provider with complaints of chest pain and shortness of breath.
Non-thrombus causes of pulmonary embolus are rare but include:
- fat emboli from a broken femur,
- an amniotic fluid embolus in pregnancy, and
- in some cases, tumor tissue from cancer.
The presentation is the same as that of a blood clot, caused by blockage of part of the arterial tree of the lung. It is Obvious that any drug that causes a Pulmonary embolism must be uses with caution. Yaz birth control pills have shown to cause pulmonary embolism in young women. Call the yaz Birth Control Pills Helpline and Sperak to a female Medical social worker and a yaz lawyer.